Where and when was the Karate-Do founded?
It is believed that many centuries ago some Buddhist monks went to India to learn how to defend themselves and not get killed, as traditionally occurred. But the origins of Karate-Do definitely go back more than a thousand years ago, when it was practiced in China under a different name and different techniques. It was then imported to Japan where, starting from the island of Okinawa, it spread rapidly across the country. The modern Karate was founded at the beginning of the 20th century due to the work of Master Funakoshi Ghichin, to whom we owe the invention of Shotokan, the most practiced style, and the current name of the discipline. In 1949, Master Funakoshi founded the Japan Karate Association, which was responsible for the organization of the first Japanese championship in 1957. From early fifties of the 20th century, Karate began to spread outside of Japan, and in 1970 the first world championship took place.
How long does it take to learn self-defence?
It depends on one’s ability to learn the techniques and the proper mental attitude. The best thing would be to avoid the fight.
How long does it take to become a black belt?
The Federation allows you to take two exams per year. S, in theory it takes about 3 years. In ASV Marling gym, we hold one exam per year, because for us the journey for the belt is the crowning achievement of challenging course and training, which requires good preparation, also mental. So we need to invest 5-6 years to get to the black belt and then you understand that this goal is actually a new beginning and growth goes beyond, if there is the stimulus of passion and commitment.
Is Karate-Do a violent sport and is there a risk of getting hurt?
In Karate-Do “you fight without fighting”. Opponents do not make a contact and work on coordination skills, channeling aggression in a positive way. Our thoughts go first and foremost to the health, physical and mental health of our athletes.
Speaking of defense, what if I happen to defend myself in a situation?
Let’s answer this question during our specific self-defense courses, by focusing on common sense and paying attention to the rules imposed by our Criminal Code. It is a part of our courses to prepare for demonstrations of Karate-Do outside of our gym.
What is Kata?
A Kata in Karate-Do is an individual exercise that is a real fight against multiple imaginary opponents.
The word Kata in the Japanese language in ancient times took on the meaning of a symbol to emphasize the spiritual content, later came to mean the simplest form. In fact, a Kata is a sequence of blocking techniques and pre-attack against multiple imaginary opponents and forms, in carrying out the exercise of great importance precisely, formal qualities of the individual techniques, positions and movements.
We should not, however, stop with the aesthetic aspect. A Kata is a real fight, albeit coded. So, it must express effectiveness both in terms of technique and strategy.
For practitioners, it is the essence of martial art because it encompasses both the study of the basic techniques (Kihon) and the rythm and tactics of fighting (Kumite). It is therefore fundamental for progress in the search of the Way (Dō). And, from a strictly technical point of view, we can say that the study is to investigate the Karate Kata in its entirety.
The first five kata are Heian: Nidan, Shodan, Sandan, Yondan and Godan.
What is the Shito-ryu style?
The Shito-ryu is one of the four major styles of Karate in the world. Shito-ryu is extremely fast, but can be artistic and powerful. The school Shito-ryu was founded in 1931 by the Master Mabuni Kenwa, a friend of Master Miyagi. The school of Shito-ryu today is the one with most Kata, twelve of the Goju-ryu Kata were joined with thirty-seven, which Kenwa Mabuni passed to the Shito-ryu school for a total of 49 Kata. No other school practices so many Kata. Some contemporary masters of the Shito-ryu school count for more than 60 Kata in their practice repertoire, because other Kata were introduced in addition to those that Kenwa Mabuni had already implemented in 1938. Shito-ryu style is also called “soft” unlike the Shotokan style called “hard”.